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"Do you interpret the Creation account in Genesis literally? Do you interpret the six days of Creation as being 24-hour days? Do you believe that Adam and Eve were literally created the way that Genesis says? Do you believe there was a literal Flood which covered the whole earth?"


The answer to all of these questions is "yes." I do take these things literally because I believe that they can be proven from the Bible, which is the only infallible source of written information that we have.

There is a huge amount of Biblical evidence which disproves the theory of evolution. In fact, there is so much evidence that I have devoted an entire article to the subject. I invite you to read my article called The Biblical Evidence Against the Theories of Evolution, which shows the Scriptural reasons why I believe that Creation took six 24-hour days (and not six eons of time), and also why Adam and Eve did not evolve from any lower forms of life.

When it comes to the Flood, there is some fascinating information about it in Scripture. To start with, notice that there was no dry land on earth until the third day of Creation:
"And God said, "Let the water under the sky be gathered to one place, and let dry ground appear." And it was so. God called the dry ground "land," and the gathered waters he called "seas." And God saw that it was good. ... And there was evening, and there was morning-- the third day." (Genesis 1:9-13)
So God tells us that the earth was formed out of water and by water, and that there was no dry ground until the third day of Creation. This is also confirmed in the New Testament (by the inspiration of the Holy Spirit):
"But they [scoffers] deliberately forget that long ago by God's word the heavens existed and the earth was formed out of water and by water. By these waters also the world of that time was deluged and destroyed." (2 Peter 3:5-6)
So on the third day of Creation we see dry ground appearing on earth for the first time. Now let's go back and take a close look at what happened on the second day of Creation:
"And God said, "Let there be an expanse between the waters to separate water from water." So God made the expanse and separated the water under the expanse from the water above it. And it was so. God called the expanse "sky." And there was evening, and there was morning--the second day." (Genesis 1:6-8)
Did you catch what happened? God separated the waters so that some was above and some was below, with an expanse in the middle called "sky." Notice that the "water above [the sky]" was not simply made up of rain clouds because rain clouds are always "in" the sky, they can never be "above" the sky. Yet God says that the sky was between "the water above the expanse" and "the water under the expanse." When God separated the waters so that some was above the sky, this seems to describe a "water canopy" which surrounded the entire earth until the Flood.

The fact that there were no rain clouds at all before the Flood is further confirmed in Genesis 2:5-6, which tells us that the whole surface of the earth was watered by streams or mists and that there was no rainfall:
"the LORD God had not sent rain on the earth and there was no man to work the ground, but streams came up from the earth and watered the whole surface of the ground" (Genesis 2:5-6) [the NIV footnote says that the word for "streams" can also be translated as "mists," which is the way the King James Version translates it.]
Since the whole earth was watered by streams or mists, there was no need for rain yet and there were no rain clouds in the sky at this point. However, there seems to have been a canopy of water above the sky which surrounded the entire earth.

Notice that after the Flood, God set His rainbow in the clouds and called it a covenant between Himself and the earth to let us know that never again will He destroy all life by water:
"Then God said to Noah and to his sons with him: "I now establish my covenant with you and with your descendants after you and with every living creature that was with you ... Never again will all life be cut off by the waters of a flood; never again will there be a flood to destroy the earth." And God said, "This is the sign of the covenant I am making between me and you and every living creature with you, a covenant for all generations to come: I have set my rainbow in the clouds, and it will be the sign of the covenant between me and the earth."" (Genesis 9:8-13)
To summarize so far, we are told that the sky separated the water above and the water below, and we are told that there was no rainfall on the earth for some period of time before the Flood. We are also told that God set His rainbow in the clouds after the Flood. The rainbow is the sign of God's solemn covenant with the entire earth, so it is unlikely to have been a commonplace, ordinary occurrence before the Flood. The Hebrew word translated as "rainbow" is the same word that is used for a "war bow." By setting the rainbow in the clouds, God was providing a visible reminder to the earth that His "war bow," which He used to destroy virtually all life on earth, has now been set aside for good. God also reminded the prophet Isaiah of the covenant that He had made with Noah:
""In a surge of anger I hid my face from you for a moment, but with everlasting kindness I will have compassion on you," says the LORD your Redeemer. "To me this is like the days of Noah, when I swore that the waters of Noah would never again cover the earth. So now I have sworn not to be angry with you, never to rebuke you again."" (Isaiah 54:8-9)
We have now seen that the streams or mists which came up from the earth were sufficient to water the entire surface of the earth, and that there was no rainfall before the Flood. Further proof of this can be found in the New Testament, where we learn that Noah was warned about "things not yet seen":
"By faith Noah, when warned about things not yet seen, in holy fear built an ark to save his family" (Hebrews 11:7)
What were the "things not yet seen" that Noah was warned about which caused him to build an ark to save his family?
"[God is warning Noah] I am going to bring floodwaters on the earth to destroy all life under the heavens" (Genesis 6:17)

"[God is warning Noah] Seven days from now I will send rain on the earth for forty days and forty nights, and I will wipe from the face of the earth every living creature I have made." (Genesis 7:4)
Noah was warned about the floodwaters and the rain, which were the "things not yet seen" mentioned in Hebrews 11:7.

So now we know that there was some type of water canopy (not rain clouds, which were "not yet seen") surrounding the entire earth, which would have helped to produce a temperate greenhouse effect and a mild climate throughout the earth. This water canopy would also have protected life on earth by filtering out a certain amount of the solar radiation which causes damaging mutations and which accelerates the aging process.

Now notice the description of the beginning of the Flood:
"In the six hundredth year of Noah's life, on the seventeenth day of the second month--on that day all the springs of the great deep burst forth, and the floodgates of the heavens were opened. And rain fell on the earth forty days and forty nights." (Genesis 7:11-12)

"[the waters] rose greatly on the earth, and all the high mountains under the entire heavens were covered. The waters rose and covered the mountains to a depth of more than twenty feet." (Genesis 7:19-20)
Notice that the "floodgates of the heavens" were opened, and that rain fell on the earth for forty days and forty nights. When the "floodgates" were opened in the heavens, all of the water in the water canopy came flooding down onto the earth. This does not necessarily mean that the 40 days of rain all came from the water canopy, because when the "springs of the great deep" burst forth (Genesis 7:11-12, above), they may have spewed water high into the atmosphere. We don't know how long it took for all of the water in the "springs of the great deep" to burst forth, but perhaps it was a process which caused rain to continually fall for 40 days and nights. Therefore, we can't say how much water the canopy may have contributed to the Flood. Maybe the water canopy was a significant contributing factor in the Flood, maybe not.

Now, when the "floodgates" in the heavens were opened and the water canopy came flooding down over all of the earth, what effects would that have had on the post-Flood world? Since the earth no longer had a protective canopy over it (keeping out a certain amount of solar radiation), and since there was now a cycle of rainfall and evaporation, the weather and climate in the post-Flood world would have been much different than in the pre-Flood world. For some interesting scientific discussions of the effects of the Flood and the collapse of the water canopy, and how these effects help to answer some modern scientific questions, visit your local Christian bookstore and ask to be shown some books which refute the theory of evolution. For example, the woolly mammoths which have recently been found frozen in Siberia can be explained by the Flood and its effects (see The extinction of the woolly mammoth: was it a quick freeze? Offsite Link).

Now, notice that before the Flood, people tended to live into their 900's, which can easily be explained by the perfect genes with which Adam and Eve were created, and by the mild climate and the water canopy surrounding the earth (which protected people from damaging solar radiation), as in the following examples:
"Altogether, Adam lived 930 years, and then he died. ...
Altogether, Seth lived 912 years, and then he died. ...
Altogether, Enosh lived 905 years, and then he died. ...
Altogether, Kenan lived 910 years, and then he died. ...
Altogether, Mahalalel lived 895 years, and then he died. ...
Altogether, Jared lived 962 years, and then he died. ...
Altogether, Enoch lived 365 years. Enoch walked with God; then he was no more, because God took him away. [Enoch was an exception to the rule because God actually "translated" Enoch: "By faith Enoch was taken from this life, so that he did not experience death; he could not be found, because God had taken him away" (Hebrews 11:5)] ...
Altogether, Methuselah lived 969 years, and then he died. ...
Altogether, Lamech lived 777 years, and then he died [Lamech was Noah's father, and it appears that he died a few years before the Flood, although we have no information concerning the cause of his death]." (Genesis 5:5-31)
After the Flood there was no longer a water canopy above the sky to protect people from damaging solar radiation (which accelerates the aging process), so we might expect people's lifespans to decrease, right? This is exactly what we see in the Bible:
Noah: 950 years (Genesis 9:29),
Shem: 600 years (Genesis 11:10-11),
Arphaxad: 438 years (Genesis 11:12-13),
Shelah: 433 years (Genesis 11:14-15),
Eber: 464 years (Genesis 11:16-17),
Peleg: 239 years (Genesis 11:18-19),
Reu: 239 years (Genesis 11:20-21),
Serug 230 years (Genesis 11:22-23),
Nahor: 148 years (Genesis 11:24-25),
Terah: 205 years (Genesis 11:32),
Abraham: 175 years (Genesis 25:7),
Moses: 120 years (Deuteronomy 34:7),
and in King David's time the lifespan was 70 to 80 years (Psalms 90:10).
This decrease in lifespan is consistent with the effects of the "Fall" (the corrupt nature in all of us because of the sin of Adam and Eve) and the effects of the increase of damaging radiation on the earth after the collapse of the water canopy which originally surrounded the entire earth.

As my article called The Biblical Evidence Against the Theories of Evolution shows, the Bible is much too specific about the six days of Creation, as well as the creation of Adam and Eve, for us to misinterpret these things as evolution. In addition, everything in the Bible fits neatly together from Genesis to Revelation with amazing consistency, and only a literal interpretation of Creation and the Flood (both of which disprove the theory of evolution) provides the solid foundation that allows for this consistency throughout the rest of Scripture. God wrote the Bible, and it says exactly what He wanted it to say. God knows much more than human scientists do, and we can trust what He wrote in His Book!

I hope this has been helpful, and may the Lord abundantly bless you as you study His Word!
  Modification History  

  • 07/16/2002 - Slightly modified my comments concerning the "water canopy" which appears to have surrounded the earth before the Flood.
  • 01/11/2002 - Added a link concerning the frozen woolly mammoths in Siberia.